Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Filename: genetic-resources-chromosome-engineering-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9781420073843
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Number of pages: 1098
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB Medicinal Plants, Volume 6 of the Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement series summarizes landmark research and describes medicinal plants as nature’s pharmacy. Highlights Examines the use of molecular technology for maintaining authenticity and quality of plant-based products Details reports on individual medicinal plants including their history, origin, genetic resources, cytogenetics, and varietal improvement through conventional and modern methods, and their use in pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, nutrition, and food industries Explains how to protect plants with medicinal properties from deforestation, urbanization, overgrazing, pollution, overharvesting, and biopiracy Brings together information on germplasm resources of medicinal plants, their history, taxonomy and biogeography, ecology and biodiversity, genetics and breeding, exploitation, and utilization in the medicine and food industries Written by leading international experts and an innovative panel of scientists, Medicinal Plants offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on medicinal plant genetic resources and their increasing importance in pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries, medicine, and nutrition around the world. Includes eight-page color insert more than 25 full color figures


Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Filename: genetic-resources-chromosome-engineering-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9781420073867
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Number of pages: 1098
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB Medicinal Plants, Volume 6 of the Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement series summarizes landmark research and describes medicinal plants as nature’s pharmacy. Highlights Examines the use of molecular technology for maintaining authenticity and quality of plant-based products Details reports on individual medicinal plants including their history, origin, genetic resources, cytogenetics, and varietal improvement through conventional and modern methods, and their use in pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, nutrition, and food industries Explains how to protect plants with medicinal properties from deforestation, urbanization, overgrazing, pollution, overharvesting, and biopiracy Brings together information on germplasm resources of medicinal plants, their history, taxonomy and biogeography, ecology and biodiversity, genetics and breeding, exploitation, and utilization in the medicine and food industries Written by leading international experts and an innovative panel of scientists, Medicinal Plants offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on medicinal plant genetic resources and their increasing importance in pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries, medicine, and nutrition around the world. Includes eight-page color insert more than 25 full color figures


Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement

Filename: gene-pool-diversity-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9783319270968
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Number of pages: 484
Author: Vijay Rani Rajpal
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB The world population is estimated to reach to more than 10 billion by the year 2050. These projections pose a challenging situation for the agricultural scientists to increase crops productivity to meet the growing food demands. The unavailability and/or inaccessibility to appropriate gene pools with desired traits required to carry out genetic improvement of various crop species make this task formidable for the plant breeders. Incidentally, most of the desired genes reside in the wild genetic relatives of the crop species. Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security. Further, understanding the myriad complexities of genic and genomic interactions among species, more particularly of wild relatives of crop species and/or phylogenetically distant germplasm, can provide the necessary inputs to increase the effectiveness of genetic improvement through traditional and/or genetic engineering methods. This book provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of various crop species. A comprehensive account of various crops, origin, exploitation of the primary, secondary and tertiary gene pools through breeding, biosystematical, cytogenetical and molecular phylogenetical relationships, and genetic enhancement through biotechnological interventions among others have been provided as the necessary underpinnings to consolidate information on the effective and sustainable utilization of the related genetic resources. The book stresses upon the importance of wild germplasm exploration, characterization and exploitation in the assimilation of important crop species. The book is especially intended for students and scientists working on the genetic improvement of crop species. Plant Breeders, Geneticists, Taxonomists, Molecular Biologists and Plant Biotechnologists working on crop species are going to find this book very useful.



Plant Cytogenetics Second Edition

Filename: plant-cytogenetics-second-edition.pdf
ISBN: 1420038508
Release Date: 2002-12-26
Number of pages: 488
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Plant Cytogenetics Second Edition in PDF and EPUB Plant cytogenetics has progressed at a rapid rate since the publication of the first edition. Plant Cytogenetics, Second Edition presents an up-to-date review of cytogenetics. It covers the latest in the various classical and modern techniques in the handling of chromosomes, karyotype analysis, genetics of meiosis, genomic relationships, and chromosome manipulation. It includes new chapters on extra chromosomal inheritance and the mode of reproduction in plants, paricularly apomixis, as well as new sections on the molecular basis of heredity, genomic in situ hybridization, and the classical and molecular methods of genome analysis. The author also elaborates on the cytogenetic basis of somaclonal variation generated through cell and tissue culture.


Vegetable Diseases

Filename: vegetable-diseases.pdf
ISBN: 0123736757
Release Date: 2007
Number of pages: 448
Author: Steven T. Koike
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

Download and read online Vegetable Diseases in PDF and EPUB This book focuses primarily on diseases of field and greenhouse-grown vegetable crops that are caused by pathogens. Chapters dealing with the general principles of the causes, diagnosis and control of vegetable crop diseases are followed by crop-based chapters. Each entry includes a brief introduction to the disease, detailed description of symptoms, information on the pathogen and disease development, and suggestions on how to manage the problem. Top quality color photos illustrate the book throughout. The book contains technical information of interest to researchers, scientists, technicians and educators in plant pathology and agriculture, as well as practical, field-oriented information of use to farmers, field personnel and the agricultural industry.


Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology and Molecular Tools

Filename: advances-in-plant-breeding-strategies-breeding-biotechnology-and-molecular-tools.pdf
ISBN: 9783319225210
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Number of pages: 656
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology and Molecular Tools in PDF and EPUB The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is Volume 1 which consists of 21 chapters covering domestication and germplasm utilization, conventional breeding techniques and the role of biotechnology. In addition to various biotechnological applications in plant breeding, it includes functional genomics, mutations and methods of detection, and molecular markers. In vitro techniques and their applications in plant breeding are discussed with an emphasis on embryo rescue, somatic cell hybridization and somaclonal variation. Other chapters cover haploid breeding, transgenics, cryogenics and bioinformatics.


Diseases Pests and Disorders of Potatoes

Filename: diseases-pests-and-disorders-of-potatoes.pdf
ISBN: 0123736706
Release Date: 2008
Number of pages: 176
Author: Stuart J. Wale
Publisher: Elsevier

Download and read online Diseases Pests and Disorders of Potatoes in PDF and EPUB Covering the most important pathogens of potatoes, this handbook provides clear, concise descriptions of the symptoms and cycles of diseases. It also provides detail on the distribution, economic importance, and advice on the control. Illustrated with over 250 color photographs of affected crops, pest profiles and detailed characteristics of common prey to potato crops, this book is the ultimate aid to the rapid identification and control of disease for this important crop. * Coverage includes identifcation, disease cycle, economic importance, and control * Problem-oriented organization * Over 250 color illustrations; full color * Field guide practicality


Root Rots of Beans in Latin America and Africa

Filename: root-rots-of-beans-in-latin-america-and-africa.pdf
ISBN: 958918314X
Release Date: 1990
Number of pages: 114
Author:
Publisher: CIAT

Download and read online Root Rots of Beans in Latin America and Africa in PDF and EPUB Major root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Minor root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Unreported root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Diagnosis of root rots in beans; Selected methodologies and techniques for research on root rots of beans; Management strategies for control of root rots of beans.


Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement

Filename: omics-technologies-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9781466586680
Release Date: 2014-10-14
Number of pages: 392
Author: Noureddine Benkeblia
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB Increased world population, decreased water supply, and climate change all put stresses on the global food supply. An exploration of the challenges and possible solutions to improve yields of the main crops, such as cereals, roots, tubers, and grasses, Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement reviews data on food sciences and omics. The book covers modern omic technologies such as nutrigenomics and metagenomics. It provides a detailed examination of how omics can help crop science and horticulture and introduces the benefits of using these technologies to increase crop yields and other features such as resistance and nutritional values. The book highlights crop improvements such as increased yield, drought resistance, disease resistance, and value-added performance through a non-transgenic format. It explores how the different omics technologies, especially the most recent ones (proteomics, metabolomics, nutrigenomics, ionomics, and metagenomics) would be used to improve the quantitative and qualitative features of crop plants. Topics covered include: Advances in omics for improved fresh crops Transcriptome analyses on the drought response using drought tolerant near isogenic lines Metabolite profiling that reveals different effects of nitrogen amendments on vegetables Omics technology application to forage crops improvement Secondary metabolites and plant tissue culture RNAi technology and crop improvement Gene expression analysis methods with NGS data Web database resources and crops improvement Gene Expression Networks (GEN) in crops Specific crop improvement (papaya, wheat, coffee, potato, and more) With contributions from pioneering researchers from twelve countries, the book presents a broad view of how omics would help crop science and horticulture meet the challenges of a shrinking global food supply for a burgeoning global population.


Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics

Filename: advanced-engineering-fluid-mechanics.pdf
ISBN: 184265134X
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 593
Author: K. Muralidhar
Publisher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.

Download and read online Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics in PDF and EPUB This work marks the centenary of the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of biological inheritance, which have had their greatest economic impact in the rapid development in plant breeding. The concepts and methodology of plant breeding with their underpinning of advances in classical and molecular genetics and biotechnology have received special attention. The monograph, thus, documents the developments of methods of plant breeding over a period of 100 years beginning with some of the landmark discoveries in classical and molecular genetics. Plant breeding in the 21st century will be marked with an increasing integration of the current methods with the newer techniques of modern biotechnology, this book points to the kind of integration which will be taking place. molecular cytogenetics; transposable elements; chromosome manipulations; host-pathogen interactions; quantitative trait loci; simple and recurrent selection methods; heterosis breeding; mutation breeding; plant genetic resources and intellectual property rights; plant geonomics; and molecular approaches in crop improvement. This book contains papers which revisit some of the landmark discoveries in genetics and plant breeding.


GGE Biplot Analysis

Filename: gge-biplot-analysis.pdf
ISBN: 1420040375
Release Date: 2002-08-28
Number of pages: 288
Author: Weikai Yan
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online GGE Biplot Analysis in PDF and EPUB Research data is expensive and precious, yet it is seldom fully utilized due to our ability of comprehension. Graphical display is desirable, if not absolutely necessary, for fully understanding large data sets with complex interconnectedness and interactions. The newly developed GGE biplot methodology is a superior approach to the graphical analysis of research data and may revolutionize the way researchers analyze data. GGE Biplot Analysis: A Graphical Tool for Breeders, Geneticists, and Agronomists introduces the theory of the GGE biplot methodology and describes its applications in visual analysis of multi-environment trial (MET) data and other types of research data. The text includes three parts: I) Genotype by environment interaction and stability analysis, II) GGE biplot and multi-environment trial (MET) data analysis, and III) GGE biplot software and applications in analyzing other types of two-way data. Part I presents a comprehensive but succinct treatment of genotype-by-environment (G x E) interaction in order to provide an overall picture of the entire G x E issue and to show how GGE biplot methodology fits in. Part II describes and demonstrates the numerous utilities of a GGE biplot in visualizing MET data. Part III describes the "GGE biplot" software and extends its application to the analysis of genotype by trait data, QTL mapping data, diallel cross data, and host by pathogen data. Altogether, this book demonstrates that the GGE biplot methodology is a superior data-visualization tool and allows the researcher to graphically extract and utilize the information from MET data and other types of two-way data to the fullest extent. GGE Biplot Analysis makes this useful technology accessible on a wider scale to plant and animal breeders, geneticists, agronomists, ecologists, and students in these and other related research areas. The information presented here will greatly enhance researchers' ability to understand their data and will make a significant contribution toward helping to meet the challenges of food production and food security that currently face the world. Readers will be amazed to see how much more they can extract from their data by implementing the new and easily understood GGE biplot methods presented here and will soon agree that any delay in using this technique is a loss to their research achievement.


Agronomic Handbook

Filename: agronomic-handbook.pdf
ISBN: 1420041509
Release Date: 2002-10-29
Number of pages: 450
Author: J. Benton Jones, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Agronomic Handbook in PDF and EPUB Many agronomic reference books either focus on a single crop, several related crops, or specific soil topics but not on a full range of both crop and soil subjects. This unique handbook covers both major agronomic fields. Containing essential data and information on the culture of the world's major agronomic grain, oil, fiber, and sugar crops grown on a wide range of soil types, Agronomic Handbook: Management of Crops, Soils, and Their Fertility serves as a practical reference on the management of crops and soils from planting to harvest. This handbook provides you with: A list of definitions A glossary of botanical terms Nutrient element requirement levels for the major agronomic crops A list of troublesome weeds A key to nutrient element deficiency syndrome of legumes A summary of the characteristics of the major elements and micronutrients The basic information needed to develop cultural, liming, and fertilizer recommendations Diagnostic procedures for assessing the fertility status of soils and the nutrient element status of plants Written in the author's trademark, practical style, this handbook describes the genetic history, yield characteristics, cultural requirements, and nutritional requirements of the major agronomic crops; the physical and chemical properties of major soil types; and the composition, formulation, and uses of fertilizers. Crop characteristics are provided including national and international statistics, world production figures, and information on changing crop conditions. With its wide range of fundamental information on crops and soils, the Agronomic Handbook will be an invaluable reference for those preparing for the Certified Crop Advisor Exam and anyone engaged in agronomic production, study, and research. Dependency


Rye

Filename: rye.pdf
ISBN: 9781466561441
Release Date: 2013-10-10
Number of pages: 387
Author: Rolf H. J. Schlegel
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Rye in PDF and EPUB Owing to its considerable winter hardiness, rye is a cereal that played a major role in the feeding of European populations throughout the Middle Ages. Recent data shows that rye is grown on about 5.4 million hectares, with a world production of approximately 13 million tons. While still an important bread food in many countries, rye produced for bread making has decreased or stagnated, whereas production is increasing for other market segments. Particularly, rye for feeding, ethanol processing, and biogas is promoted in Europe. The first comprehensive monograph on rye, Rye: Genetics, Breeding, and Cultivation gathers all the relevant and historic information from botany and genetics to utilization and sustainability of rye. The book covers taxonomy, morphology, and other botany-related aspects of rye. It describes its physiology, cytology, and genetics, including use for genetic improvement of other cereals. The author addresses various types of breeding such as population, hybrid, and molecular breeding. He also discusses rye cropping, including seeding techniques, fungal and viral diseases, and predators. The book examines the various uses for rye beyond bread making. This includes feeding, biomass and biogas production, ethanol production, and other important characteristics such as phytosterol content and antioxidant activity. It also explores the nutritional value of rye. Written by a leading expert in the field, this monograph compiles the most important facets of rye research, past and present.


Legumes under Environmental Stress

Filename: legumes-under-environmental-stress.pdf
ISBN: 9781118917114
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Number of pages: 328
Author: Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Legumes under Environmental Stress in PDF and EPUB Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.