Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Filename: genetic-resources-chromosome-engineering-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9781420073867
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Number of pages: 1098
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB Medicinal Plants, Volume 6 of the Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement series summarizes landmark research and describes medicinal plants as nature’s pharmacy. Highlights Examines the use of molecular technology for maintaining authenticity and quality of plant-based products Details reports on individual medicinal plants including their history, origin, genetic resources, cytogenetics, and varietal improvement through conventional and modern methods, and their use in pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, nutrition, and food industries Explains how to protect plants with medicinal properties from deforestation, urbanization, overgrazing, pollution, overharvesting, and biopiracy Brings together information on germplasm resources of medicinal plants, their history, taxonomy and biogeography, ecology and biodiversity, genetics and breeding, exploitation, and utilization in the medicine and food industries Written by leading international experts and an innovative panel of scientists, Medicinal Plants offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on medicinal plant genetic resources and their increasing importance in pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries, medicine, and nutrition around the world. Includes eight-page color insert more than 25 full color figures


Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Filename: genetic-resources-chromosome-engineering-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 0203489268
Release Date: 2006-01-13
Number of pages: 456
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB Summarizing landmark research, Volume 2 of this essential series furnishes information on the availability of germplasm resources that breeders can exploit for producing high-yielding cereal crop varieties. Written by leading international experts, this volume offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on employing genetic resources to increase the yield of those cereal crops that provide the main source of nutrition for two-thirds of the world. In thirteen succinct chapters, Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement: Cereals, Volume 2 focuses on wheat, rice, maize, oats, barley, millet, sorghum, and rye, as well as triticale: a wheat and rye hybrid with great potential. An introductory chapter outlines the cytogenetic architecture of cereal crops, describes the principles and strategies of cytogenetics and breeding, and summarizes landmarks in current research. This sets the stage for the ensuing crop-specific chapters. Each chapter generally provides a comprehensive account of the crop, its origin, wild relatives, exploitation of genetic resources in the primary, secondary, and tertiary gene pools through breeding and cytogenetic manipulation, and genetic enrichment using the tools of molecular genetics and biotechnology. Certain to become the standard reference for improving the yields of these critical grains, this book is the definitive source of information for plant breeders, agronomists, cytogeneticists, taxonomists, molecular biologists, biotechnologists, and graduate students and researchers in these fields.


Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement

Filename: gene-pool-diversity-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9783319270968
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Number of pages: 484
Author: Vijay Rani Rajpal
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB The world population is estimated to reach to more than 10 billion by the year 2050. These projections pose a challenging situation for the agricultural scientists to increase crops productivity to meet the growing food demands. The unavailability and/or inaccessibility to appropriate gene pools with desired traits required to carry out genetic improvement of various crop species make this task formidable for the plant breeders. Incidentally, most of the desired genes reside in the wild genetic relatives of the crop species. Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security. Further, understanding the myriad complexities of genic and genomic interactions among species, more particularly of wild relatives of crop species and/or phylogenetically distant germplasm, can provide the necessary inputs to increase the effectiveness of genetic improvement through traditional and/or genetic engineering methods. This book provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of various crop species. A comprehensive account of various crops, origin, exploitation of the primary, secondary and tertiary gene pools through breeding, biosystematical, cytogenetical and molecular phylogenetical relationships, and genetic enhancement through biotechnological interventions among others have been provided as the necessary underpinnings to consolidate information on the effective and sustainable utilization of the related genetic resources. The book stresses upon the importance of wild germplasm exploration, characterization and exploitation in the assimilation of important crop species. The book is especially intended for students and scientists working on the genetic improvement of crop species. Plant Breeders, Geneticists, Taxonomists, Molecular Biologists and Plant Biotechnologists working on crop species are going to find this book very useful.



The Asian Vigna

Filename: the-asian-vigna.pdf
ISBN: 1402008368
Release Date: 2002
Number of pages: 270
Author: Norihiko Tomooka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online The Asian Vigna in PDF and EPUB The Asian beans and grams, the species of Vigna (subgenus Ceratotropis ), include several legumes that are an essential component in the diets of a large proportion of Asia's population, and interest in these legumes is growing as ethnic cuisine spreads worldwide. However, this important group of legumes is little known compared to the closely related Phaseolus beans and soybean. That deficiency is addressed for the first time in this fully illustrated comprehensive conservation, genetics, taxonomic, and agricultural monograph on the genetic resources of the Asian Vigna . The book deals with the phylogeny of the group from the perspectives of morphological and molecular analyses, ex situ and in situ conservation, eco-geographical analyses, and research. In addition, morphological descriptions, keys, and eco-geographic details of each species in the group are provided. This genetic resources handbook and guide to the Asian Vigna will be a valuable reference for agriculturists, conservationists, taxonomists, other scientists, and students interested in the legumes and plant genetic resources.


Vegetable Diseases

Filename: vegetable-diseases.pdf
ISBN: 0123736757
Release Date: 2007
Number of pages: 448
Author: Steven T. Koike
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

Download and read online Vegetable Diseases in PDF and EPUB This book focuses primarily on diseases of field and greenhouse-grown vegetable crops that are caused by pathogens. Chapters dealing with the general principles of the causes, diagnosis and control of vegetable crop diseases are followed by crop-based chapters. Each entry includes a brief introduction to the disease, detailed description of symptoms, information on the pathogen and disease development, and suggestions on how to manage the problem. Top quality color photos illustrate the book throughout. The book contains technical information of interest to researchers, scientists, technicians and educators in plant pathology and agriculture, as well as practical, field-oriented information of use to farmers, field personnel and the agricultural industry.


Chromosome Engineering in Plants

Filename: chromosome-engineering-in-plants.pdf
ISBN: 9780444600448
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Number of pages: 647
Author: P.K. Gupta
Publisher: Elsevier

Download and read online Chromosome Engineering in Plants in PDF and EPUB This two-volume work surveys the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research in plants. The first volume covers cytogenetics of cereals and millets with more than one chapter being devoted to the same crop to give a detailed treatment to an up-to-date status of chromosome research. This second volume deals with cytogenetics of plant materials including legumes, vegetable and oil crops, sugar crops, forage crops: fibre crops, medicinal crops and ornamentals. The book will be useful both as a reference work and a teaching aid to satisfy a wide range of workers. Every chapter has been written by an expert who has been involved in chromosome research on a particular plant material for many years so that the treatment is authoritative and up-to-date in most cases.


Coconut Genetic Resources

Filename: coconut-genetic-resources.pdf
ISBN: 9789290436294
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 779
Author:
Publisher: Bioversity International

Download and read online Coconut Genetic Resources in PDF and EPUB


Diseases Pests and Disorders of Potatoes

Filename: diseases-pests-and-disorders-of-potatoes.pdf
ISBN: 0123736706
Release Date: 2008
Number of pages: 176
Author: Stuart J. Wale
Publisher: Elsevier

Download and read online Diseases Pests and Disorders of Potatoes in PDF and EPUB Covering the most important pathogens of potatoes, this handbook provides clear, concise descriptions of the symptoms and cycles of diseases. It also provides detail on the distribution, economic importance, and advice on the control. Illustrated with over 250 color photographs of affected crops, pest profiles and detailed characteristics of common prey to potato crops, this book is the ultimate aid to the rapid identification and control of disease for this important crop. * Coverage includes identifcation, disease cycle, economic importance, and control * Problem-oriented organization * Over 250 color illustrations; full color * Field guide practicality


Root Rots of Beans in Latin America and Africa

Filename: root-rots-of-beans-in-latin-america-and-africa.pdf
ISBN: 958918314X
Release Date: 1990
Number of pages: 114
Author:
Publisher: CIAT

Download and read online Root Rots of Beans in Latin America and Africa in PDF and EPUB Major root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Minor root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Unreported root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Diagnosis of root rots in beans; Selected methodologies and techniques for research on root rots of beans; Management strategies for control of root rots of beans.


GGE Biplot Analysis

Filename: gge-biplot-analysis.pdf
ISBN: 1420040375
Release Date: 2002-08-28
Number of pages: 288
Author: Weikai Yan
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online GGE Biplot Analysis in PDF and EPUB Research data is expensive and precious, yet it is seldom fully utilized due to our ability of comprehension. Graphical display is desirable, if not absolutely necessary, for fully understanding large data sets with complex interconnectedness and interactions. The newly developed GGE biplot methodology is a superior approach to the graphical analysis of research data and may revolutionize the way researchers analyze data. GGE Biplot Analysis: A Graphical Tool for Breeders, Geneticists, and Agronomists introduces the theory of the GGE biplot methodology and describes its applications in visual analysis of multi-environment trial (MET) data and other types of research data. The text includes three parts: I) Genotype by environment interaction and stability analysis, II) GGE biplot and multi-environment trial (MET) data analysis, and III) GGE biplot software and applications in analyzing other types of two-way data. Part I presents a comprehensive but succinct treatment of genotype-by-environment (G x E) interaction in order to provide an overall picture of the entire G x E issue and to show how GGE biplot methodology fits in. Part II describes and demonstrates the numerous utilities of a GGE biplot in visualizing MET data. Part III describes the "GGE biplot" software and extends its application to the analysis of genotype by trait data, QTL mapping data, diallel cross data, and host by pathogen data. Altogether, this book demonstrates that the GGE biplot methodology is a superior data-visualization tool and allows the researcher to graphically extract and utilize the information from MET data and other types of two-way data to the fullest extent. GGE Biplot Analysis makes this useful technology accessible on a wider scale to plant and animal breeders, geneticists, agronomists, ecologists, and students in these and other related research areas. The information presented here will greatly enhance researchers' ability to understand their data and will make a significant contribution toward helping to meet the challenges of food production and food security that currently face the world. Readers will be amazed to see how much more they can extract from their data by implementing the new and easily understood GGE biplot methods presented here and will soon agree that any delay in using this technique is a loss to their research achievement.


Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics

Filename: advanced-engineering-fluid-mechanics.pdf
ISBN: 184265134X
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 593
Author: K. Muralidhar
Publisher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.

Download and read online Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics in PDF and EPUB This work marks the centenary of the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of biological inheritance, which have had their greatest economic impact in the rapid development in plant breeding. The concepts and methodology of plant breeding with their underpinning of advances in classical and molecular genetics and biotechnology have received special attention. The monograph, thus, documents the developments of methods of plant breeding over a period of 100 years beginning with some of the landmark discoveries in classical and molecular genetics. Plant breeding in the 21st century will be marked with an increasing integration of the current methods with the newer techniques of modern biotechnology, this book points to the kind of integration which will be taking place. molecular cytogenetics; transposable elements; chromosome manipulations; host-pathogen interactions; quantitative trait loci; simple and recurrent selection methods; heterosis breeding; mutation breeding; plant genetic resources and intellectual property rights; plant geonomics; and molecular approaches in crop improvement. This book contains papers which revisit some of the landmark discoveries in genetics and plant breeding.


Agronomic Handbook

Filename: agronomic-handbook.pdf
ISBN: 1420041509
Release Date: 2002-10-29
Number of pages: 450
Author: J. Benton Jones, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Agronomic Handbook in PDF and EPUB Many agronomic reference books either focus on a single crop, several related crops, or specific soil topics but not on a full range of both crop and soil subjects. This unique handbook covers both major agronomic fields. Containing essential data and information on the culture of the world's major agronomic grain, oil, fiber, and sugar crops grown on a wide range of soil types, Agronomic Handbook: Management of Crops, Soils, and Their Fertility serves as a practical reference on the management of crops and soils from planting to harvest. This handbook provides you with: A list of definitions A glossary of botanical terms Nutrient element requirement levels for the major agronomic crops A list of troublesome weeds A key to nutrient element deficiency syndrome of legumes A summary of the characteristics of the major elements and micronutrients The basic information needed to develop cultural, liming, and fertilizer recommendations Diagnostic procedures for assessing the fertility status of soils and the nutrient element status of plants Written in the author's trademark, practical style, this handbook describes the genetic history, yield characteristics, cultural requirements, and nutritional requirements of the major agronomic crops; the physical and chemical properties of major soil types; and the composition, formulation, and uses of fertilizers. Crop characteristics are provided including national and international statistics, world production figures, and information on changing crop conditions. With its wide range of fundamental information on crops and soils, the Agronomic Handbook will be an invaluable reference for those preparing for the Certified Crop Advisor Exam and anyone engaged in agronomic production, study, and research. Dependency


Rye

Filename: rye.pdf
ISBN: 9781466561441
Release Date: 2013-10-10
Number of pages: 387
Author: Rolf H. J. Schlegel
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Rye in PDF and EPUB Owing to its considerable winter hardiness, rye is a cereal that played a major role in the feeding of European populations throughout the Middle Ages. Recent data shows that rye is grown on about 5.4 million hectares, with a world production of approximately 13 million tons. While still an important bread food in many countries, rye produced for bread making has decreased or stagnated, whereas production is increasing for other market segments. Particularly, rye for feeding, ethanol processing, and biogas is promoted in Europe. The first comprehensive monograph on rye, Rye: Genetics, Breeding, and Cultivation gathers all the relevant and historic information from botany and genetics to utilization and sustainability of rye. The book covers taxonomy, morphology, and other botany-related aspects of rye. It describes its physiology, cytology, and genetics, including use for genetic improvement of other cereals. The author addresses various types of breeding such as population, hybrid, and molecular breeding. He also discusses rye cropping, including seeding techniques, fungal and viral diseases, and predators. The book examines the various uses for rye beyond bread making. This includes feeding, biomass and biogas production, ethanol production, and other important characteristics such as phytosterol content and antioxidant activity. It also explores the nutritional value of rye. Written by a leading expert in the field, this monograph compiles the most important facets of rye research, past and present.


Genetic Resources and Their Exploitation Chickpeas Faba beans and Lentils

Filename: genetic-resources-and-their-exploitation-chickpeas-faba-beans-and-lentils.pdf
ISBN: 9024729394
Release Date: 1984-03-31
Number of pages: 272
Author: J.R. Witcombe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Genetic Resources and Their Exploitation Chickpeas Faba beans and Lentils in PDF and EPUB Chickpeas, faba beans and lentils are important pulse crops in the Mediterranean regi on and Mi ddl e East, where thei r hi gh protei n seed nutritionally complement cereal grain in the human diet. The by-products of these crops serve as a valuable feed for animals. Thanks to their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, the inclusion of these crops in the cropping system helps in the maintenance of the productivity of the soil and reduces the dependence of the farmer on fertilizer nitrogen to realise good yields. Being the site of original domestication of these legumes, the Fertile Crescent is bel ieved to possess their vast genetic diversity. In order to prevent the erosion of this genetic di'/ersity and to preserve it for posterity, it is necessary that a major effort is made for its expeditious collection, evaluation, documentation and safe storage. The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) being located in the Fertile Crescent has, within its mandate, the responsibility to act as a world centre for the work on the genetic resources of kabuli chickpeas, faba beans and lentils. The International Board of Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) has been strongly supporting ICARDA in this important activity.