Governance by Indicators

Filename: governance-by-indicators.pdf
ISBN: 9780199658244
Release Date: 2012-07-05
Number of pages: 491
Author: Kevin Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Download and read online Governance by Indicators in PDF and EPUB Indicators and rankings are widely used by governments and international organizations to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and success of policy decisions. The role of indicators is however little examined. This book closes this gap by evaluating the creation of indicators, their impact on policy decisions, and the implications of their use.

Governance by Indicators

Filename: governance-by-indicators.pdf
ISBN: 9780191632785
Release Date: 2012-07-05
Number of pages: 504
Author: Kevin Davis
Publisher: OUP Oxford

Download and read online Governance by Indicators in PDF and EPUB The use of indicators as a technique of global governance is increasing rapidly. Major examples include the World Bank's Doing Business Indicators, the World Bank's Good Governance and Rule of Law indicators, the Millennium Development Goals, and the indicators produced by Transparency International. Human rights indicators are being developed in the UN and regional and advocacy organizations. The burgeoning production and use of indicators has not, however, been accompanied by systematic comparative study of, or reflection on, the implications, possibilities, and pitfalls of this practice. This book furthers the study of these issues by examining the production and history of indicators, as well as relationships between the producers, users, subjects, and audiences of indicators. It also explores the creation, use, and effects of indicators as forms of knowledge and as mechanisms of making and implementing decisions in global governance. Using insights from case studies, empirical work, and theoretical approaches from several disciplines, the book identifies legal, policy, and normative implications of the production and use of indicators as a tool of global governance.

Governance by Indicators

Filename: governance-by-indicators.pdf
ISBN: 0198747934
Release Date: 2015-05-21
Number of pages: 504
Author: Beller Family Professor of Business Law Kevin Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Download and read online Governance by Indicators in PDF and EPUB Indicators and rankings are widely used by governments and international organizations to assess the effectiveness, efficiency, and success of policy decisions. The role of indicators is however little examined. This book closes this gap by evaluating the creation of indicators, their impact on policy decisions, and the implications of their use.

The Quiet Power of Indicators

Filename: the-quiet-power-of-indicators.pdf
ISBN: 9781107075207
Release Date: 2015-05-26
Number of pages: 369
Author: Sally Engle Merry
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online The Quiet Power of Indicators in PDF and EPUB This highly accessible book investigates the rankings that increasingly influence perceptions of countries' governance and civil rights.

Ranking the World

Filename: ranking-the-world.pdf
ISBN: 9781316300633
Release Date: 2015-04-30
Number of pages:
Author: Alexander Cooley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Ranking the World in PDF and EPUB Over the last decade, international rankings have emerged as a critical tool used by international actors engaged in global governance. State practices and performance are now judged by a number of high-profile indices, including assessments of their levels of corruption, quality of democracy, creditworthiness, media freedom, and business environment. However, these rankings always carry value judgments, methodological choices, and implicit political agendas. This volume expertly addresses the important analytical, normative, and policy issues associated with the contemporary practice of 'grading states'. The chapters explore how rankings affect our perceptions of state performance, how states react to being ranked, why some rankings exert more global influence than others, and how states have come to strategize and respond to these public judgments. The book also critically examines how treating state rankings like popular consumer choice indices may actually lead policymakers to internalize questionable normative assumptions and lead to poorer, not improved, public policy outcomes.

The Seductions of Quantification

Filename: the-seductions-of-quantification.pdf
ISBN: 9780226261317
Release Date: 2016-06-10
Number of pages: 272
Author: Sally Engle Merry
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online The Seductions of Quantification in PDF and EPUB We live in a world where seemingly everything can be measured. We rely on indicators to translate social phenomena into simple, quantified terms, which in turn can be used to guide individuals, organizations, and governments in establishing policy. Yet counting things requires finding a way to make them comparable. And in the process of translating the confusion of social life into neat categories, we inevitably strip it of context and meaning—and risk hiding or distorting as much as we reveal. With The Seductions of Quantification, leading legal anthropologist Sally Engle Merry investigates the techniques by which information is gathered and analyzed in the production of global indicators on human rights, gender violence, and sex trafficking. Although such numbers convey an aura of objective truth and scientific validity, Merry argues persuasively that measurement systems constitute a form of power by incorporating theories about social change in their design but rarely explicitly acknowledging them. For instance, the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report, which ranks countries in terms of their compliance with antitrafficking activities, assumes that prosecuting traffickers as criminals is an effective corrective strategy—overlooking cultures where women and children are frequently sold by their own families. As Merry shows, indicators are indeed seductive in their promise of providing concrete knowledge about how the world works, but they are implemented most successfully when paired with context-rich qualitative accounts grounded in local knowledge.

The World of Indicators

Filename: the-world-of-indicators.pdf
ISBN: 9781107086227
Release Date: 2015-09-30
Number of pages: 368
Author: Richard Rottenburg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online The World of Indicators in PDF and EPUB Explores the proliferation of indicators and the resulting transformations in entanglements between social science, markets and politics in public life.

Private International Law and Global Governance

Filename: private-international-law-and-global-governance.pdf
ISBN: 9780191043376
Release Date: 2014-12-18
Number of pages: 350
Author: Horatia Muir Watt
Publisher: OUP Oxford

Download and read online Private International Law and Global Governance in PDF and EPUB Contemporary debates about the changing nature of law engage theories of legal pluralism, political economy, social systems, international relations (or regime theory), global constitutionalism, and public international law. Such debates reveal a variety of emerging responses to distributional issues which arise beyond the Western welfare state and new conceptions of private transnational authority. However, private international law tends to stand aloof, claiming process-based neutrality or the apolitical nature of private law technique and refusing to recognize frontiers beyond than those of the nation-state. As a result, the discipline is paradoxically ill-equipped to deal with the most significant cross-border legal difficulties - from immigration to private financial regulation - which might have been expected to fall within its remit. Contributing little to the governance of transnational non-state power, it is largely complicit in its unhampered expansion. This is all the more a paradox given that the new thinking from other fields which seek to fill the void - theories of legal pluralism, peer networks, transnational substantive rules, privatized dispute resolution, and regime collision - have long been part of the daily fare of the conflict of laws. The crucial issue now is whether private international law can, or indeed should, survive as a discipline. This volume lays the foundations for a critical approach to private international law in the global era. While the governance of global issues such as health, climate, and finance clearly implicates the law, and particularly international law, its private law dimension is generally invisible. This book develops the idea that the liberal divide between public and private international law has enabled the unregulated expansion of transnational private power in these various fields. It explores the potential of private international law to reassert a significant governance function in respect of new forms of authority beyond the state. To do so, it must shed a number of assumptions entrenched in the culture of the nation-state, but this will permit the discipline to expand its potential to confront major issues in global governance.

Key Concepts in Governance

Filename: key-concepts-in-governance.pdf
ISBN: 9781473903654
Release Date: 2008-12-18
Number of pages: 232
Author: Mark Bevir
Publisher: SAGE

Download and read online Key Concepts in Governance in PDF and EPUB 'A comprehensive, multidisciplinary examination of the concepts embodied in governance and their wide-ranging applications and implications. An important read and reference for students and academics in the social sciences, particularly those engaged in public policy studies' - Professor Carolyn J. Heinrich, University of Wisconsin-Madison 'An authoritative short survey for which students and teachers alike will be profoundly grateful' - Professor Rod Rhodes, University of Tasmania and Australian National University 'Students of governance will welcome this book given the explosion of literature in the field. It provides a quick guide to key concepts and ideas but does so with considerable originality. We are offered not just a review of well-established positions but a distinctive take on the governance debate' - Gerry Stoker, Professor of Governance, University of Southampton The language of governance has risen to prominence in the last 20 years as a way of describing and explaining changes in the nature and role of the state, but the concepts involved can be confusing as they are often new and come from diverse disciplinary and theoretical settings. Key Concepts in Governance provides a clear introduction to the technical concepts and policies of contemporary governance through short definitional essays. Each entry features: " a snapshot definition of the concept " a contextualization of the concept " an overview of relevant debates " a guide to further reading. The book also includes a substantial introductory chapter which gives an overview of governance studies as a whole, orientating and guiding the reader around the issues that the concepts address. Highly readable, with clear cross-referencing, this is an ideal book for students on introductory courses and an indispensable resource for anyone interested in governance.

The Land Governance Assessment Framework

Filename: the-land-governance-assessment-framework.pdf
ISBN: 9780821387580
Release Date: 2012
Number of pages: 147
Author: Klaus Deininger
Publisher: World Bank Publications

Download and read online The Land Governance Assessment Framework in PDF and EPUB Increased global demand for land posits the need for well-designed country-level land policies to protect long-held rights, facilitate land access and address any constraints that land policy may pose for broader growth. While the implementation of land reforms can be a lengthy process, the need to swiftly identify key land policy challenges and devise responses that allow the monitoring of progress, in a way that minimizes conflicts and supports broader development goals, is clear. The Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) makes a substantive contribution to the land sector by providing a quick and innovative tool to monitor land governance at the country level. The LGAF offers a comprehensive diagnostic tool that covers five main areas for policy intervention: Legal and institutional framework; Land use planning, management and taxation; Management of public land; Public provision of land information; and Dispute resolution and conflict management. The LGAF assesses these areas through a set of detailed indicators that are rated on a scale of pre-coded statements (from lack of good governance to good practice). While land governance can be highly technical in nature and tends to be addressed in a partial and sporadic manner, the LGAF posits a tool for a comprehensive assessment, taking into account the broad range of issues that land governance encompasses, while enabling those unfamiliar with land to grasp its full complexity. The LGAF will make it possible for policymakers to make sense of the technical levels of the land sector, benchmark governance, identify areas that require further attention and monitor progress. It is intended to assist countries in prioritizing reforms in the land sector by providing a holistic diagnostic review that can inform policy dialogue in a clear and targeted manner. In addition to presenting the LGAF tool, this book includes detailed case studies on its implementation in five selected countries: Peru, the Kyrgyz Republic, Ethiopia, Indonesia and Tanzania.

Governmental Financial Resilience

Filename: governmental-financial-resilience.pdf
ISBN: 9781787142633
Release Date: 2017-06-27
Number of pages: 448
Author: Ileana Steccolini
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

Download and read online Governmental Financial Resilience in PDF and EPUB This volume provides a unique insight into the ways local governments have maintained financial resilience in the face of the significant challenges posed by the era of austerity. Taking an international perspective, it provides an enlightening and practical analysis of the different capacities and responses that local governments deploy to cope with financial shocks. Moving beyond traditional approaches dealing with financial stress, the financial resilience perspective reveals a wider range of organisational responses and enables consideration of the dynamic role played by internal and external contextual factors. The international case study approach allows for a comparative analysis of financial resilience in the context of different administrative and policy environments.By providing a unifying view of financial resilience, the importance of building resilience into organisational financial management is demonstrated, uncovering the relative effectiveness of different resilience building approaches. This edited volume is a valuable source for practitioners and academics, as well as students of public policy, public management and financial management.

Strategies for Information Technology Governance

Filename: strategies-for-information-technology-governance.pdf
ISBN: 1591401402
Release Date: 2004
Number of pages: 390
Author: Wim Van Grembergen
Publisher: IGI Global

Download and read online Strategies for Information Technology Governance in PDF and EPUB The advent of the Information Society is marked by the explosive penetration of information technologies in all aspects of life and by a related fundamental transformation in every form of the organization. Researchers, business people and policy makers have recognized the importance of addressing technological, economic and social impacts in conjunction. For example, the rise and fall of the dot-com hype depended a lot on the strength of the business model, on the technological capabilities available to firms and on the readiness of the society and economy at large sustain a new breed of business activity. However, it is notoriously difficult to examine the cross-impacts of social, economic and technological aspects of the Information Society. This kind of work requires multidisciplinary work and collaboration on a wide range of skills. Social and Economic Transformation in the Digital Era addresses this challenge by assembling the latest thinking of leading researchers and policy makers. The book covers all key subject areas of the Information Society an presents innovative business models, case studies, normative theories and social explanations

The Leading Indicators

Filename: the-leading-indicators.pdf
ISBN: 9781451651256
Release Date: 2014-02-11
Number of pages: 304
Author: Zachary Karabell
Publisher: Simon and Schuster

Download and read online The Leading Indicators in PDF and EPUB How did we come by the “leading indicators” we place such stock in? We allocate trillions of dollars and make public policy and personal decisions based upon them, but what do they really tell us? “The leading indicators” shape our lives intimately, but few of us know where these numbers come from, what they mean, or why they rule the world. GDP, inflation, unemployment, trade, and a host of averages determine whether we feel optimistic or pessimistic about the country’s future and our own. They dictate whether businesses hire and invest, or fire and hunker down, whether governments spend trillions or try to reduce debt, whether individuals marry, buy a car, get a mortgage, or look for a job. Zachary Karabell tackles the history and the limitations of each of our leading indicators. The solution is not to invent new indicators, but to become less dependent on a few simple figures and tap into the data revolution. We have unparalleled power to find the information we need, but only if we let go of the outdated indicators that lead and mislead us.

Is Good Governance Good for Development

Filename: is-good-governance-good-for-development.pdf
ISBN: 9781780932521
Release Date: 2012-08-02
Number of pages: 208
Author: Jomo Kwame Sundaram
Publisher: A&C Black

Download and read online Is Good Governance Good for Development in PDF and EPUB While good governance is a worthy goal by itself, it is not a prerequisite for economic growth or development. This volume challenges the conventional good governance paradigm favoured by the donor community. It exposes the methodological shortcomings of the commonly used governance indicators developed within the World Bank. It highlights the conceptual limitations or lack of clarity of good governance and debunks the central plank of the good governance hypothesis that good governance causes economic growth. The volume demonstrates that good governance can mean many things, and countries possessing features of good governance can be different both structurally and institutionally. Countries that are developed now did not have the ideal features of good governance - these features evolved with economic growth.

Sustainable Transportation

Filename: sustainable-transportation.pdf
ISBN: 9783662469248
Release Date: 2015-07-03
Number of pages: 304
Author: Henrik Gudmundsson
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Sustainable Transportation in PDF and EPUB This textbook provides an introduction to the concept of sustainability in the context of transportation planning, management, and decision-making. The book is divided into two parts. In the first part, indicators and frameworks for measuring sustainable development in the transportation sector are developed. In the second, the authors analyze actual planning and decision-making in transportation agencies in a variety of governance settings. This analysis of real-world case studies demonstrates the benefits and limitations of current approaches to sustainable development in transportation. The book concludes with a discussion on how to make sustainability count in transportation decision-making and practice.