Download and read online Grammatically Correct in PDF and EPUB How does good writing stand out? If its purpose is to convey facts, findings, or instructions, it need be read only once for its content to be clear. If its purpose is to entertain or to provoke thought, it makes readers want to come back for more. Revised and updated, this guide covers four essential aspects of good writing: Individual words - spelling variations, hyphenation, frequently confused homonyms, frequently misused words and phrases, irregular plurals and negatives, and uses of capitalization and type style to add special meanings Punctuation - the role of each mark in achieving clarity and affecting tone, and demonstration of how misuses can lead to ambiguity Syntax and structure - agreement of subject and verb, parallel construction, modifiers, tenses, pronouns, active versus passive voice, and more Style - advice on the less hard-and-fast areas of clarity and tone, including sentence length and order, conciseness, simplification, reading level, jargon and clichés, and subtlety Filled with self-test exercises and whimsical literary quotations, Grammatically Correct steers clear of academic stuffiness, focusing instead on practical strategies and intuitive explanations. Discussions are designed to get to the heart of a concept and provide a sufficient sense of when and how to use it, along with examples that show what ambiguities or misinterpretations might result if the rules are not followed. In cases where there is more than one acceptable way to do something, the approach is not to prescribe one over another but simply to describe the options. Readers of this book will never break the rules of language again - unintentionally.
Download and read online Grammatically Correct Functionally Illiterate in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online The Grammatically Correct Handbook in PDF and EPUB A humorous guide to correct grammar for those who wish to learn from funny stories, poems, and jokes rather than a textbook provides a bottom-line explanation of the linguistic complexities to help the reader remember the do's and don'ts of modern English. Original. 12,500 first printing."
Download and read online Parental Responses to Grammatically Correct and Incorrect Child Utterances in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online English for Scammers in PDF and EPUB Curious as to why no one has claimed their UK lotto winnings from you? Why no one wants to call about the box of cash valued at Seven million five hundred thousand Dollars US (7,500,000.00 Dollars)? Why no one is responding to your PASSIONATE REQUEST FOR JOINT MUTUAL INVESTMENTS BENEFITS? If so, this book is for you. Every day, it seems, we get heart-breaking emails like this one: I see know reasons why you are been so skeptical about your bank draft presently in our custody. We can tell you why. It's your English. Your English is ... bad. Inaccurate. Ungrammatical. Inappropriate. While this book is not written for scammers, its purpose is to help you avoid writing like a scammer and having your business letter wind up in someone's junk mail folder. No one wants that. What you want is to have your business letters read and acted upon - because you're in business. English for Scammers analyzes common mistakes, drawn from genuine correspondence, and tells you how to improve your writing so that it is appropriate for standard business letters written in English. Each unit contains exercises and an answer key. A final exam at the end offers a comprehensive review of all topics. Topics include: * Proper forms of address * Openings and closings * Spelling * Punctuation and capitalization * HOW MANY CAPITAL LETTERS ARE TOO MANY * Basic grammatical constructions * Common sentence patterns for business letters* Appropriate tone and register * When it is advisable to refer to your esophageal cancer; your religious faith; your charitable intentions; your connections with the UN, plane crash victims, and dead lottery winners; and more Use English for Scammers to hone your 419 letters - or even to write honest, clear, direct business correspondence. The choice, dear readers, is yours.
Download and read online A Grammar Guide to Clear Correct Expression in PDF and EPUB The book helps train the mind in writing grammatically correct, logically clear, and semantically satisfactory sentences. It doesn’t just teach grammar rules and conventions, or deal with problems that are due to the features of the language, its structure, and modes of expression; but cultivates language sense, develops understanding of language use, and manipulation art for linguistic devices and certain rules of thumb for spelling. Grammar partly develops understanding of language, but it cannot teach language as such; it is basically a corrective measure marked by conscious effort. Grammar needs support from Logic, the tools of analysis, and our in-built system of Understanding. These cultivate in us language sense, chisel tools of analysis, and teach appropriate language use and better communication. Logic not only classified grammatical categories into noun, verb, modifier, connective, Case, comparison, Number etc., but unearthed several features of the language which, among other things, include that the base form of noun is singular but that of verb is plural. Arguing unto oneself one can infer that if the sentence “A boy go” is wrong, then the base form of noun and verb must be opposite in Number. This inference is perfectly valid, and it gives us the knowledge that we can add ~s, ~es, and ~ies to obtain the plural of nouns and the singular of verbs. It is Logic that brings to the fore the fact that English does not have a future tense and it discriminates between time and tense in the following manner: Time = time – past, present, and future; Tense = the verb form indicating the past and the present. (English, therefore, needs an auxiliary verb to talk about the future.) Logic can declare a grammatically well-formed sentence – such as, “I am there – to be logically invalid because “here, now” is part of the meaning of the I-phrase. Further, it can point out the discrepancy between the self-same sentence, one written, and the other spoken: for example, the sentence “I am dumb,” when written, is all right, but spoken, it becomes self-refuting. The faculty of Understanding also helps. Against the background of the feminist movement, a sentence like “if anybody comes, ask him to wait” has been transformed in writing and in speech thus: “If anybody comes ask him/her to wait,” and “If anybody comes ask them to wait.” It looks as if a grammatically correct sentence is rendered incorrect in speech and yet accepted all right by usage. My contention is why accept it as ‘usage’ if we can defend the use of “them” in speech. In logic, the word “or” can have two different meanings – one in the exclusive sense and the other in the inclusive sense. In the exclusive sense, ‘him/her’ means either him alone or her alone, but in the inclusive sense it means either of the two or both, which we generally express using the phrase, “and/or.” Thus, in the inclusive sense of the word the use of “them” is quite justified. Logic, together with Understanding, clarifies construction of grammatical concepts and devices in use – for example, use of ‘There’ as null subject or empty noun, of participles to describe the status of some action as completed or continuing, of prepositions to define Case relations, of modals and articles to communicate special meanings, and of nouns, participles, and determiners as descriptive or limiting adjectives. It is only because of logical understanding that one can differentiate the phrases “blue sky” and “sky blue”, and lay down their meanings as follows: Blue sky = the sky is blue; Sky-blue = the colour blue is much the same as that of the blue sky. The book focuses on meanings, both grammatical and theoretical, to explain how words acquire different meanings with change of form or category, prefixing, compounding, combining of word elements, and in their contextual uses, contrived or otherwise. The author doesn’t decry the method of translation, for he is aware that confrontation with difficulties in translation would reveal to the non-English several aspects of English grammar. The book has added materials, which particularly help natives of the Indian sub-continent exploit their knowledge of the mother tongue to their advantage while learning English. It also incorporates materials that inform how faulty constructions and ambiguities in words, mostly committed by the people of the sub-continent, can be avoided, and if they occur, how they can be rectified.
Download and read online Admission Assessment Exam Review in PDF and EPUB Passing your admission assessment exam is the first step on the journey to becoming a successful health professional — make sure you’re prepared with Admission Assessment Exam Review, 3rd Edition from the testing experts at HESI! It offers complete content review and nearly 400 practice questions on the topics typically found on admission exams, including math, reading comprehension, vocabulary, grammar, biology, chemistry, anatomy and physiology, and physics. Plus, it helps you identify areas of weakness so you can focus your study time. Sample problems and step-by-step examples with explanations in the math and physics sections show you how to work through each problem so you understand the steps it takes to complete the equation. Practice tests with answer keys for each topic — located in the appendices for quick access — help you assess your understanding of each topic and familiarize you with the types of questions you’re likely to encounter on the actual exam. HESI Hints boxes offer valuable test-taking tips, as well as rationales, suggestions, examples, and reminders for specific topics. End-of-chapter review questions help you gauge your understanding of chapter content. A full-color layout and more illustrations in the life science chapters visually reinforce key concepts for better understanding. Expanded and updated content in each chapter ensures you’re studying the most current content. Basic algebra review in the math section offers additional review and practice. Color-coded chapters help you quickly find specific topic sections. Helpful organizational features in each chapter include an introduction, key terms, chapter outline, and a bulleted chapter summary to help you focus your study. A glossary at the end of the text offers quick access to key terms and their definitions.
Download and read online The Resilience of Language in PDF and EPUB Imagine a child who has never seen or heard any language at all. Would such a child be able to invent a language on her own? Despite what one might guess, the children described in this book make it clear that the answer to this question is 'yes'. The children are congenitally deaf and cannot learn the spoken language that surrounds them. In addition, they have not yet been exposed to sign language, either by their hearing parents or their oral schools. Nevertheless, the children use their hands to communicate - they gesture - and those gestures take on many of the forms and functions of language. The properties of language that we find in the deaf children's gestures are just those properties that do not need to be handed down from generation to generation, but can be reinvented by a child de novo - the resilient properties of language. This book suggests that all children, deaf or hearing, come to language-learning ready to develop precisely these language properties. In this way, studies of gesture creation in deaf children can show us the way that children themselves have a large hand in shaping how language is learned.
Download and read online Grammar First in PDF and EPUB The Grammar First series examines modelled text to illustrate grammatical rules. The texts encourage students to apply the grammar they learn and to consolidate it in their writing across all curriculum subjects. Each text is accompanied by three categories of activity: - Read on!, - Write on! and - Over to you!
Download and read online Talking Heads in PDF and EPUB The origin, development, and nature of language has been the focus of theoretical debate among philosophers for many centuries. Following the pioneering clinical observations 150 years ago of loss of language following a cerebral lesion, language started to be considered a biological system, that could be investigated scientifically. As a consequence, an increasing number of scientists began to search for its anatomical and functional basis and its links with other such cognitive systems. The relatively recent introduction of neuroimaging tools, such as PET and fMRI, has brought rapid and groundbreaking developments to the field of Neurolinguistics. In this book, Denes harnesses these advances to adopt a biolinguistic approach to the study of a subject that increasingly sees the collaboration of linguists, experimental psychologists, neuroscientists and clinicians. Talking Heads reviews the latest research to provide a concise analysis of the multifaceted aspects of language which focuses both on theoretical aspects and physical implementation. Following an up-to-date description of acquired language disorders, and their contribution to the design of a functional architecture of language, the book illustrates the neurological process involved in the production and comprehension of spoken and written language, as well as investigating the neurological and functional systems responsible for sign language production and first and second language acquisition. With a glossary of the anatomical and linguistic terms, this book provides an invaluable resource to undergraduate and graduate students of psychology, psycholinguistics and linguistics.
Download and read online Business Communications in PDF and EPUB How do communications work, and how can you make them work for you? Communications affect every aspect of our lives, from speaking to someone face-to-face, to sending an e-mail or making a telephone call. Written by authors experienced in teaching on business communications skills courses, this essential textbook serves as a definitive guide to how communications work and how to make them work effectively in businesses and organizations. The authors show that all communication takes place in a cultural context, and that the best approach to improve communication is by a step-by-step development of a communication strategy, providing crucial cultural and strategic perspectives on the topic. The authors systematically take students through the types of communication models, explain cultures and strategies, and help them to improve performance communications. The book explains: How to structure and write a communications strategy How to implement the strategy for written, oral and visual means of communication How to communicate in different situations: in meetings, as a leader, to present an image, or across boundaries Business Communications additionally covers web-based communication to ensure content is appropriate for e-commerce and e-business. Theory and practice are combined at every stage to link understanding with implementation and demonstrate how to use strategies to improve communications. Ideal for introductory business students, Business Communications will complement and go beyond the generic skills covered in many more elementary books. This book is supported by a comprehensive website.
Download and read online Learning Japanese in the Network Society in PDF and EPUB Presents a collection of nine essays that address the use of computers in assisting Japanese language instruction, covering such topics as software development, Internet-based self-assessment, and instructional tools.
Download and read online Commonplace Book in PDF and EPUB First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Download and read online Not Politically But Grammatically Correct in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Implicit and Explicit Knowledge in Second Language Learning Testing and Teaching in PDF and EPUB Implicit/ explicit knowledge constitutes a key distinction in the study of second language acquisition. This book reports a project that investigated ways of measuring implicit/explicit L2 knowledge, the relationship between the two types of knowledge and language proficiency, and the effect that different types of form-focused instruction had on their acquisition.