Representing and Intervening

Filename: representing-and-intervening.pdf
ISBN: 0521282462
Release Date: 1983-10-20
Number of pages: 287
Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Representing and Intervening in PDF and EPUB This 1983 book is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates about realism. Hacking illustrates how experimentation often has a life independent of theory. He argues that although the philosophical problems of scientific realism can not be resolved when put in terms of theory alone, a sound philosophy of experiment provides compelling grounds for a realistic attitude. A great many scientific examples are described in both parts of the book, which also includes lucid expositions of recent high energy physics and a remarkable chapter on the microscope in cell biology.


Representing and Intervening

Filename: representing-and-intervening.pdf
ISBN: 9781107268159
Release Date: 1983-10-20
Number of pages:
Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Representing and Intervening in PDF and EPUB This 1983 book is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates about realism. Hacking illustrates how experimentation often has a life independent of theory. He argues that although the philosophical problems of scientific realism can not be resolved when put in terms of theory alone, a sound philosophy of experiment provides compelling grounds for a realistic attitude. A great many scientific examples are described in both parts of the book, which also includes lucid expositions of recent high energy physics and a remarkable chapter on the microscope in cell biology.


Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy

Filename: why-does-language-matter-to-philosophy.pdf
ISBN: 9781316582176
Release Date: 1975-09-26
Number of pages:
Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy in PDF and EPUB Many people find themselves dissatisfied with recent linguistic philosophy, and yet know that language has always mattered deeply to philosophy and must in some sense continue to do so. Ian Hacking considers here some dozen case studies in the history of philosophy to show the different ways in which language has been important, and the consequences for the development of the subject. There are chapters on, among others, Hobbes, Berkeley, Russell, Ayer, Wittgenstein, Chomsky, Feyerabend and Davidson. Dr Hacking ends by speculating about the directions in which philosophy and the study of language seem likely to go. The book will provide students with a stimulating, broad survey of problems in the theory of meaning and the development of philosophy, particularly in this century. The topics treated in the philosophy of language are among the central, current concerns of philosophers, and the historical framework makes it possible to introduce concretely and intelligibly all the main theoretical issues.


Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals

Filename: metaphysics-as-a-guide-to-morals.pdf
ISBN: 9781409044055
Release Date: 2012-09-30
Number of pages: 544
Author: Iris Murdoch
Publisher: Random House

Download and read online Metaphysics as a Guide to Morals in PDF and EPUB The decline of religion and ever increasing influence of science pose acute ethical issues for us all. Can we reject the literal truth of the Gospels yet still retain a Christian morality? Can we defend any 'moral values' against the constant encroachments of technology? Indeed, are we in danger of losing most of the qualities which make us truly human? Here, drawing on a novelists insight into art, literature and psychology, Iris Murdoch conducts an ongoing debate with major writers, thinkers and theologians - from Augustine to Wittgenstein, Shakespeare to Sartre, Plato to Derrida - to provide fresh and compelling answers to these crucial questions.


Rewriting the Soul

Filename: rewriting-the-soul.pdf
ISBN: 1400821681
Release Date: 1998-08-03
Number of pages: 352
Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Princeton University Press

Download and read online Rewriting the Soul in PDF and EPUB Twenty-five years ago one could list by name the tiny number of multiple personalities recorded in the history of Western medicine, but today hundreds of people receive treatment for dissociative disorders in every sizable town in North America. Clinicians, backed by a grassroots movement of patients and therapists, find child sexual abuse to be the primary cause of the illness, while critics accuse the "MPD" community of fostering false memories of childhood trauma. Here the distinguished philosopher Ian Hacking uses the MPD epidemic and its links with the contemporary concept of child abuse to scrutinize today's moral and political climate, especially our power struggles about memory and our efforts to cope with psychological injuries. What is it like to suffer from multiple personality? Most diagnosed patients are women: why does gender matter? How does defining an illness affect the behavior of those who suffer from it? And, more generally, how do systems of knowledge about kinds of people interact with the people who are known about? Answering these and similar questions, Hacking explores the development of the modern multiple personality movement. He then turns to a fascinating series of historical vignettes about an earlier wave of multiples, people who were diagnosed as new ways of thinking about memory emerged, particularly in France, toward the end of the nineteenth century. Fervently occupied with the study of hypnotism, hysteria, sleepwalking, and fugue, scientists of this period aimed to take the soul away from the religious sphere. What better way to do this than to make memory a surrogate for the soul and then subject it to empirical investigation? Made possible by these nineteenth-century developments, the current outbreak of dissociative disorders is embedded in new political settings. Rewriting the Soul concludes with a powerful analysis linking historical and contemporary material in a fresh contribution to the archaeology of knowledge. As Foucault once identified a politics that centers on the body and another that classifies and organizes the human population, Hacking has now provided a masterful description of the politics of memory : the scientizing of the soul and the wounds it can receive.


Locked in A Violent Embrace

Filename: locked-in-a-violent-embrace.pdf
ISBN: 9781452237626
Release Date: 2000-04-15
Number of pages: 192
Author: Zvi Eisikovits
Publisher: SAGE

Download and read online Locked in A Violent Embrace in PDF and EPUB Representing an entirely new approach to domestic violence interventions, this book is based on data accumulated by the authors over the past 12 years from a series of qualitative studies and clinical practice with battered women and their batterers.


The Computer and the Mind

Filename: the-computer-and-the-mind.pdf
ISBN: 0674156161
Release Date: 1988
Number of pages: 444
Author: Philip Nicholas Johnson-Laird
Publisher: Harvard University Press

Download and read online The Computer and the Mind in PDF and EPUB Briefly taces the history of cognitive science, looks at computational models of how the human mind works, and discusses visual perception, learning, memory, reasoning, and the formation of new ideas


Deflating Information

Filename: deflating-information.pdf
ISBN: 0802088392
Release Date: 2004-01-01
Number of pages: 311
Author: Bernd Frohmann
Publisher: University of Toronto Press

Download and read online Deflating Information in PDF and EPUB In Deflating Information, Bernd Frohmann draws on recent work in the social studies of science, finding the most significant material in the coordination of research work, the stabilization of matters of fact, and the manufacture of objectivity.


An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic

Filename: an-introduction-to-probability-and-inductive-logic.pdf
ISBN: 0521775019
Release Date: 2001-07-02
Number of pages: 302
Author: Ian Hacking
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic in PDF and EPUB An introductory 2001 textbook on probability and induction written by a foremost philosopher of science.


Sciences as Categorical Closures

Filename: sciences-as-categorical-closures.pdf
ISBN: 9788478485420
Release Date: 2013
Number of pages: 143
Author:
Publisher: Grupo Helicón

Download and read online Sciences as Categorical Closures in PDF and EPUB


Resistance to Science in Contemporary American Poetry

Filename: resistance-to-science-in-contemporary-american-poetry.pdf
ISBN: 9781136587283
Release Date: 2011-10-24
Number of pages: 232
Author: Bryan Walpert
Publisher: Routledge

Download and read online Resistance to Science in Contemporary American Poetry in PDF and EPUB This book examines types of resistance in contemporary poetry to the authority of scientific knowledge, tracing the source of these resistances to both their literary precedents and the scientific zeitgeists that helped to produce them. Walpert argues that contemporary poetry offers a palimpsest of resistance, using as case studies the poets Alison Hawthorne Deming, Pattiann Rogers, Albert Goldbarth, and Joan Retallack to trace the recapitulation of romantic arguments (inherited from Keats, Shelly, and Coleridge, which in turn were produced in part in response to Newtonian physics), modernist arguments (inherited from Eliot and Pound, arguments influenced in part by relativity and quantum theory), and postmodernist arguments (arguments informed by post-structuralist theory, e.g. Barthes, Derrida, Foucault, with affinities to arguments for the limitations of science in the philosophy, sociology, and rhetoric of science). Some of these poems reveal the discursive ideologies of scientific language—reveal, in other words, the performativity of scientific language. In doing so, these poems themselves can also be read as performative acts and, therefore, as forms of intervention rather than representation. Reading Retallack alongside science studies scholar Karen Barad, the book concludes by proposing that viewing knowledge as a form of intervention, rather than representation, offers a bridge between contemporary poetry and science.


Representing Electrons

Filename: representing-electrons.pdf
ISBN: 0226024202
Release Date: 2006
Number of pages: 295
Author: Theodore Arabatzis
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online Representing Electrons in PDF and EPUB Both a history and a metahistory, Representing Electrons focuses on the development of various theoretical representations of electrons from the late 1890s to 1925 and the methodological problems associated with writing about unobservable scientific entities. Using the electron—or rather its representation—as a historical actor, Theodore Arabatzis illustrates the emergence and gradual consolidation of its representation in physics, its career throughout old quantum theory, and its appropriation and reinterpretation by chemists. As Arabatzis develops this novel biographical approach, he portrays scientific representations as partly autonomous agents with lives of their own. Furthermore, he argues that the considerable variance in the representation of the electron does not undermine its stable identity or existence. Raising philosophical issues of contentious debate in the history and philosophy of science—namely, scientific realism and meaning change—Arabatzis addresses the history of the electron across disciplines, integrating historical narrative with philosophical analysis in a book that will be a touchstone for historians and philosophers of science and scientists alike.


Novel Ecosystems

Filename: novel-ecosystems.pdf
ISBN: 9781118354209
Release Date: 2013-01-07
Number of pages: 384
Author: Richard J. Hobbs
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Novel Ecosystems in PDF and EPUB Land conversion, climate change and species invasions are contributing to the widespread emergence of novel ecosystems, which demand a shift in how we think about traditional approaches to conservation, restoration and environmental management. They are novel because they exist without historical precedents and are self-sustaining. Traditional approaches emphasizing native species and historical continuity are challenged by novel ecosystems that deliver critical ecosystems services or are simply immune to practical restorative efforts. Some fear that, by raising the issue of novel ecosystems, we are simply paving the way for a more laissez-faire attitude to conservation and restoration. Regardless of the range of views and perceptions about novel ecosystems, their existence is becoming ever more obvious and prevalent in today’s rapidly changing world. In this first comprehensive volume to look at the ecological, social, cultural, ethical and policy dimensions of novel ecosystems, the authors argue these altered systems are overdue for careful analysis and that we need to figure out how to intervene in them responsibly. This book brings together researchers from a range of disciplines together with practitioners and policy makers to explore the questions surrounding novel ecosystems. It includes chapters on key concepts and methodologies for deciding when and how to intervene in systems, as well as a rich collection of case studies and perspective pieces. It will be a valuable resource for researchers, managers and policy makers interested in the question of how humanity manages and restores ecosystems in a rapidly changing world. A companion website with additional resources is available at www.wiley.com/go/hobbs/ecosystems


Representing Humanity in an Age of Terror

Filename: representing-humanity-in-an-age-of-terror.pdf
ISBN: 155753568X
Release Date: 2010
Number of pages: 348
Author: Sophia A. McClennen
Publisher:

Download and read online Representing Humanity in an Age of Terror in PDF and EPUB Written in the context of critical dialogues about the war on terror and the global crisis in human rights violations, authors of this collected volume discuss aspects of terror with regard to human rights events across the globe, but especially in the United States, Latin America, and Europe. Their discussion and reflection demonstrate that the need to question continuously and to engage in permanent critique does not contradict the need to seek answers, to advocate social change, and to intervene critically. With contributions by scholars, activists, and artists, the articles collected here offer strategies for intervening critically in debates about the connections between terror and human rights as they are taking place across contemporary society. The work presented in the volume is intended for scholars, as well as undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of the humanities and social sciences, including political science, sociology, history, literary study, cultural studies, and cultural anthropology.


Philosophy of Experimental Biology

Filename: philosophy-of-experimental-biology.pdf
ISBN: 1139453912
Release Date: 2004-08-30
Number of pages:
Author: Marcel Weber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Philosophy of Experimental Biology in PDF and EPUB Philosophy of Experimental Biology explores some central philosophical issues concerning scientific research in experimental biology, including genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, and microbiology. It seeks to make sense of the explanatory strategies, concepts, ways of reasoning, approaches to discovery and problem solving, tools, models and experimental systems deployed by scientific life science researchers and also integrates developments in historical scholarship, in particular the New Experimentalism. It concludes that historical explanations of scientific change that are based on local laboratory practice need to be supplemented with an account of the epistemic norms and standards that are operative in science. This book should be of interest to philosophers and historians of science as well as to scientists.