Download and read online Self regulatory Behavior and Risk Taking in PDF and EPUB Emerging from two conferences sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, this volume discusses scientific and clinical knowledge in areas of health concern where behavioral factors are known causes of, or are implicated in, death, disease, and disability. The 24 papers are in six parts: e
Download and read online Self regulation and risk taking behavior in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Why Do Bad Moods Increase Self Defeating Behavior Emotion Risk Taking and Self Regulation in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Self Regulation in Health Behavior in PDF and EPUB This text offers a comprehensive overview of new approaches to health-related behaviour from a self-regulation perspective. The authors outline the assumptions on which self-regulation theories are based, discuss recent research and draw out the implications for practice with a particular focus on changing health behaviour. The book is arranged in two sections – Goal Setting and Goal Activation in Health Behaviour and Goal Striving and Goal Persistence. The epilogue compares self-regulation theories with the prevailing social-cognitive models.
Download and read online Risk Taking Behaviors and Related Constructs in 12 year old Adolescents who Were Prenatally Exposed to Cocaine in PDF and EPUB The current study investigated risk taking and related constructs (i.e., self-regulation, developmental assets) in a cohort of youth who were prenatally exposed to cocaine (CE). Participants were 283 12-year-olds (CE=138; NCE=145) enrolled in a longitudinal study investigating the developmental outcomes of prenatal cocaine/poly drug exposure. At 12 years old, data pertaining to risk taking and related constructs was gathered. Regression models were carried out statistically controlling for potential confounding variables (e.g., other prenatal and postnatal drug exposure, home environment) to ensure isolated effects could be attributed to CE. The primary outcomes included: 1) self-reported risk behavior; 2) risk-taking propensity on a behavioral task; 3) self-regulation; and 4) behavioral assets. Controlling for potential confounders, a significant effect of CE was found for self-regulation (Beta= .210; p= .030), which upon further examination revealed a CE x gender interaction effect (Beta= -.216; p= .036). That is, being CE and female significantly predicted worse self-regulation. The findings replicate and extend previous findings with this cohort further demonstrating heightened vulnerability for females who were CE. Continued study of risk taking, self-regulation, and developmental assets in youth who were CE is needed to elucidate the developmental trajectories of risk and resilience.
Download and read online The Nature and Development of Decision making in PDF and EPUB Although everyone has goals, only some people successfully attain their respective goals on a regular basis. With this in mind, the author attempts to answer the question of why some people are more successful than others. He begins with the assumption that the key to personal success is effective decision-making, and then utilizes his own theory--The Self-Regulation Model--to explain the origin and nature of individual differences in decision-making competence. The author also summarizes a number of existing models of decision-making and risk-taking. This book has two primary goals: * to provide a comprehensive review of the developmental literature on the decision-making skills of children, adolescents, and adults, and * to propose a theoretical model of decision-making skill that offers a better description of this skill than prior accounts. Taken together, the literature review and theoretical model help the reader acquire a clear sense of the development of decision-making skills as well as reasons for the developmental differences that seem to emerge.
Download and read online The Self Regulation of Health and Illness Behaviour in PDF and EPUB Self-regulation theory focuses on the ways in which individuals direct and monitor their activities and emotions in order to attain their goals. It plays an increasingly important role in health psychology research. The Self-regulation of Health and Illness Behaviour presents an up-to-date account of the latest developments in the field. Individual contributions cover a wide range of issues including representational beliefs about chronic illness, cultural influences on illness representations, the role of anxiety and defensive denial in health-related experiences and behaviours, the contribution of personality, and the social dynamics underlying gender differences in adaptation to illness. Particular attention is given to the implications for designing effective health interventions and messages. Integrating theoretical and empirical developments, this text provides both researchers and professionals with a comprehensive review of self-regulation and health.
Download and read online On the Self Regulation of Behavior in PDF and EPUB Description of human behavior which sees all behavior as aimed at attaining goals.
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Download and read online Sexual Deviation Assessment and Treatment An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics of North America in PDF and EPUB Originally discussed in the context of "Paraphilias", this edition of Psychiatric Clinics of North America covers topics in sexual deviancy. The psychiatric community has revised this term through several editions of the DSM, indicating the view of these disorders changing from "sociopathic sexual deviation" to "sexual deviation of nonpsychotic mental disorder" to "paraphilias and paraphilic disorders." No matter how it is stated, this edition addresses sexual deviation assessemnt and treatment, covering conditions that harm others and that typically involve a legal/criminal/forensic component. Topics include Assessment; Mental illness and sexual offending; Treatment of sexual offenders-Psychological and Pharmacological; Professional sexual misconduct including clergy; Adolescent sexual offenders; Child pornography and sexual deviance; Sexual sadism and sexually motivated homicide; Dysfunctional anger and sexual violence; and Ethical issues in the treatment of sexual offenders. Highly renown for their research and clinical work in the nature of sexucal disorder, Dr Bradford and Dr Ahmed lead this edition intended for psychiatrists and other medical professionals dealing with this population.
Download and read online Development of behavioral expressions of emotion self regulation in low and high risk preschool age children in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Adolescent Brain Development in PDF and EPUB This comprehensive yet brief overview of the adolescent human brain discusses how the brain develops during this critical period of life and how that development impacts decision-making and risk-taking behavior in the adolescent. This originated as a white paper requested by the Canadian government for a specific group looking to understand adolescent brain development in the context of adolescent behaviour The paper was not made available to the Canadian government outside of the specific task force that requested it nor to the general public
Download and read online Understanding Girls Problem Behavior in PDF and EPUB Understanding Girls' Problem Behavior presents an overview of recent studies by leading researchers into key aspects of the development of problem behavior in girls. Integrates interdisciplinary research into girls’ problem behaviors (e.g. aggression, antisocial behavior, rule breaking) Unique in seeking to understand girls’ problem behaviors in their own right Follows the maturing girl from adolescence to adulthood, concluding at the point where she herself becomes a parent and forms new relationships Gives attention to the critical contexts of problem behavior development—society and neighborhood, as well as family and peer contexts
Download and read online Adolescent Reputations and Risk in PDF and EPUB The news of teenagers and even younger children committing ever more serious and violent crimes continues to shock and baffle. The escalating psychological and social toll of youth crime is being paid by all – from victims to offenders to parents and siblings to teachers and to the community as a whole. "Adolescent Reputations and Risk" looks beyond traditional theories to examine, from a solid empirical basis, the motivation and values that make some young people choose antisocial over positive behavior, resulting in potent new insights and possible solutions to this ongoing problem. Synthesizing 15 years of research with delinquent youth, this volume describes the volatile dynamic of child and adolescent social worlds, emphasizing reputation enhancement and goal-setting as bases underlying deviant behavior. In innovative and accessible terms, "Adolescent Reputations and Risk" addresses delinquency throughout the course of childhood and adolescence, offers the first detailed explanation of delinquency by integrating goal-setting and reputation enhancement theories, provides evidence analyzing deviant trends in goal-setting and reputation enhancement terms among primary and high school students, answers key questions on topics such as impulsivity, drug and inhalant use, early-childhood psychopathy, links between ADHD and aggression, and the psychology of loners and includes current data on interventions for at-risk youth, including family and school methods, cognitive-behavioral therapy, wilderness and boot camp programs, and interactive multimedia strategies. This volume is an essential resource for clinical child, school, and counseling psychologists; social workers; and allied education and community mental health professionals and practitioners.
Download and read online Behavioral Issues in Autism in PDF and EPUB To promote greater understanding, this book discusses assessment techniques, intervention strategies, and the major controversies of the field. It will serve as a practical overview for students, clinicians, and parents concerned with managing the special needs and often puzzling behaviors of autistic individuals.