The Political Theory of the American Founding

Filename: the-political-theory-of-the-american-founding.pdf
ISBN: 9781107140486
Release Date: 2017-04-03
Number of pages: 465
Author: Thomas G. West
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online The Political Theory of the American Founding in PDF and EPUB This book provides a complete overview of the Founders' natural rights theory and its policy implications.


The Political Theory of the American Founding

Filename: the-political-theory-of-the-american-founding.pdf
ISBN: 9781108179515
Release Date: 2017-03-31
Number of pages:
Author: Thomas G. West
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online The Political Theory of the American Founding in PDF and EPUB This book provides a complete overview of the American Founders' political theory, covering natural rights, natural law, state of nature, social compact, consent, and the policy implications of these ideas. The book is intended as a response to the current scholarly consensus, which holds that the Founders' political thought is best understood as an amalgam of liberalism, republicanism, and perhaps other traditions. West argues that, on the contrary, the foundational documents overwhelmingly point to natural rights as the lens through which all politics is understood. The book explores in depth how the Founders' supposedly republican policies on citizen character formation do not contradict but instead complement their liberal policies on property and economics. Additionally, the book shows how the Founders' embraced other traditions in their politics, such as common law and Protestantism.


The Political Theory of the American Founding

Filename: the-political-theory-of-the-american-founding.pdf
ISBN: 1316506037
Release Date: 2017-03-31
Number of pages: 465
Author: Thomas G. West
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online The Political Theory of the American Founding in PDF and EPUB This book provides a complete overview of the American Founders' political theory, covering natural rights, natural law, state of nature, social compact, consent, and the policy implications of these ideas. The book is intended as a response to the current scholarly consensus, which holds that the Founders' political thought is best understood as an amalgam of liberalism, republicanism, and perhaps other traditions. West argues that, on the contrary, the foundational documents overwhelmingly point to natural rights as the lens through which all politics is understood. The book explores in depth how the Founders' supposedly republican policies on citizen character formation do not contradict but instead complement their liberal policies on property and economics. Additionally, the book shows how the Founders' embraced other traditions in their politics, such as common law and Protestantism.


Natural Rights and the New Republicanism

Filename: natural-rights-and-the-new-republicanism.pdf
ISBN: 9781400821525
Release Date: 2011-06-27
Number of pages: 410
Author: Michael P. Zuckert
Publisher: Princeton University Press

Download and read online Natural Rights and the New Republicanism in PDF and EPUB In Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, Michael Zuckert proposes a new view of the political philosophy that lay behind the founding of the United States. In a book that will interest political scientists, historians, and philosophers, Zuckert looks at the Whig or opposition tradition as it developed in England. He argues that there were, in fact, three opposition traditions: Protestant, Grotian, and Lockean. Before the English Civil War the opposition was inspired by the effort to find the "one true Protestant politics--an effort that was seen to be a failure by the end of the Interregnum period. The Restoration saw the emergence of the Whigs, who sought a way to ground politics free from the sectarian theological-scriptural conflicts of the previous period. The Whigs were particularly influenced by the Dutch natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius. However, as Zuckert shows, by the mid-eighteenth century John Locke had replaced Grotius as the philosopher of the Whigs. Zuckert's analysis concludes with a penetrating examination of John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, the English "Cato," who, he argues, brought together Lockean political philosophy and pre-existing Whig political science into a new and powerful synthesis. Although it has been misleadingly presented as a separate "classical republican" tradition in recent scholarly discussions, it is this "new republicanism" that served as the philosophical point of departure for the founders of the American republic.


The Political Philosophy of George Washington

Filename: the-political-philosophy-of-george-washington.pdf
ISBN: 9780801891090
Release Date: 2009-03-05
Number of pages: 226
Author: Jeffry H. Morrison
Publisher: JHU Press

Download and read online The Political Philosophy of George Washington in PDF and EPUB George Washington is revered as the father of his country, a clever and skilled general, and a man of restrained principle—but not as a political thinker. This short introduction to Washington's political philosophy reveals him as a thoughtful public intellectual who was well equipped to lead the young United States. Though Washington left little explicit writing on political philosophy, Jeffry Morrison examines his key writings, actions, education, and political and professional lives. He finds that Washington held closely to a trinity of foundational principles—classical republicanism, British liberalism, and Protestant Christianity—with greater fidelity than many of the other founding fathers. In unearthing Washington's ideological growth, Morrison reveals the intellectual heritage of his political thought and shows how these beliefs motivated him to action. This insightful, concise story makes clearer the complexities of the revolutionary era and shows how the first president's political ideas shaped governmental institutions and instantiated the nation's foundational principles.


Two treatises of government

Filename: two-treatises-of-government.pdf
ISBN: OXFORD:590611328
Release Date: 1821
Number of pages:
Author: John Locke
Publisher:

Download and read online Two treatises of government in PDF and EPUB


To Secure These Rights

Filename: to-secure-these-rights.pdf
ISBN: 9780814730669
Release Date: 1995-06-01
Number of pages: 315
Author: Scott Douglas Gerber
Publisher: NYU Press

Download and read online To Secure These Rights in PDF and EPUB Scott Douglas Gerber here argues that the Constitution of the United States should be interpreted in light of the natural rights political philosophy of the Declaration of Independence and that the Supreme Court is the institution of American government that should be primarily responsible for identifying and applying that philosophy in American life. Importantly, the theory advanced in this book - what Gerber calls "liberal originalism" - is neither consistently "liberal" nor consistently "conservative" in the modern conception of those terms. Rather, the theory is liberal in the classic sense of viewing the basic purpose of government to be safeguarding the natural rights of individuals. As Thomas Jefferson wrote in the Declaration of Independence, "to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men". In essence, Gerber maintains that the Declaration articulates the philosophical ends of our nation and that the Constitution embodies the means to effectuate those ends. From the opening chapter's bold revision of the character of the American Revolution to the closing chapter's provocative reinterpretation of many of the most famous cases in Supreme Court history, this book demonstrates the importance of approaching constitutional interpretation from more than one discipline. Indeed, Gerber's analysis reveals that the Constitution cannot be properly understood without recourse to history, political philosophy, and law.


Vindicating the Founders

Filename: vindicating-the-founders.pdf
ISBN: 0847685179
Release Date: 2000-11-28
Number of pages: 219
Author: Thomas G. West
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

Download and read online Vindicating the Founders in PDF and EPUB Describes the myths surrounding the Founding Father's political thought and contrasts their ideas of liberty and equality with today's views.


Common Sense Nation

Filename: common-sense-nation.pdf
ISBN: 9781594038266
Release Date: 2015-11-24
Number of pages: 232
Author: Robert Curry
Publisher: Encounter Books

Download and read online Common Sense Nation in PDF and EPUB “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” This sentence is perfectly familiar. We know it as a core principle of our founding. But few, if any of us consider why Jefferson wrote it in exactly this way. Why “unalienable rights” and not simply rights? Why “self-evident” truths and not simply truths? Why does the Declaration make these distinctions? Do they really matter? If these questions are challenging or Jefferson’s words seem esoteric, it is because we no longer conduct our politics in the language of the Founders and we are no longer able to think as they once thought. In Congress and the media, political arguments are advanced by a torrent of policy studies and “expert” opinions—not on the basis of self-evident truths, unalienable rights, and definitely not in the language of the Founders. Common Sense Nation is a potent re-introduction to the political ideas of the Founders—in their own words and on their terms. It is dedicated to the proposition that the only way to fully unlock the profound and distinctive power of American self-government is to understand it as its inventors did. Common Sense Nation reclaims the language of liberty from entities that prefer to interpret our freedoms for us. For in knowing the Founders as they knew themselves, readers will learn the surprising depths of their own political powers as American citizens.


Natural Rights Liberalism from Locke to Nozick Volume 22

Filename: natural-rights-liberalism-from-locke-to-nozick-volume-22.pdf
ISBN: 0521615143
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 403
Author: Ellen Frankel Paul
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Natural Rights Liberalism from Locke to Nozick Volume 22 in PDF and EPUB This collection of essays is dedicated to the memory of the late Harvard philosopher Robert Nozick, who died in 2002. The publication of Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia in 1974 revived serious interest in natural rights liberalism, which, beginning in the latter half of the eighteenth century, had been eclipsed by a succession of antithetical political theories including utilitarianism, progressivism, and various egalitarian and collectivist ideologies. Some of our contributors critique Nozick's political philosophy. Other contributors examine earlier figures in the liberal tradition, most notably John Locke, whose Second Treatise of Government, published in the late seventeenth century, profoundly influenced the American founders. The remaining authors analyze natural rights liberalism's central doctrines.


Natural Rights Individualism and Progressivism in American Political Philosophy Volume 29

Filename: natural-rights-individualism-and-progressivism-in-american-political-philosophy-volume-29.pdf
ISBN: 9781107641945
Release Date: 2012-08-27
Number of pages: 373
Author: Ellen Frankel Paul
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Natural Rights Individualism and Progressivism in American Political Philosophy Volume 29 in PDF and EPUB "In 1776, the American Declaration of Independence appealed to "the Laws of nature and of Nature's God" and affirmed "these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness . . . ." In 1935, John Dewey, professor of philosophy at Columbia University, declared, "Natural rights and natural liberties exist only in the kingdom of mythological social zoology." These opposing pronouncements on natural rights represent two separate and antithetical American political traditions: natural rights individualism, the original Lockean tradition of the Founding; and Progressivism, the collectivist reaction to individualism which arose initially in the newly established universities in the decades following the Civil War"--


The Political Philosophy of Thomas Paine

Filename: the-political-philosophy-of-thomas-paine.pdf
ISBN: 9780801895371
Release Date: 2010-06-01
Number of pages: 224
Author: Jack Fruchtman, Jr.
Publisher: JHU Press

Download and read online The Political Philosophy of Thomas Paine in PDF and EPUB On balance we may think of Paine as a secular preacher for the rule of reason.


Natural Rights and the New Republicanism

Filename: natural-rights-and-the-new-republicanism.pdf
ISBN: 9781400821525
Release Date: 2011-06-27
Number of pages: 410
Author: Michael P. Zuckert
Publisher: Princeton University Press

Download and read online Natural Rights and the New Republicanism in PDF and EPUB In Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, Michael Zuckert proposes a new view of the political philosophy that lay behind the founding of the United States. In a book that will interest political scientists, historians, and philosophers, Zuckert looks at the Whig or opposition tradition as it developed in England. He argues that there were, in fact, three opposition traditions: Protestant, Grotian, and Lockean. Before the English Civil War the opposition was inspired by the effort to find the "one true Protestant politics--an effort that was seen to be a failure by the end of the Interregnum period. The Restoration saw the emergence of the Whigs, who sought a way to ground politics free from the sectarian theological-scriptural conflicts of the previous period. The Whigs were particularly influenced by the Dutch natural law philosopher Hugo Grotius. However, as Zuckert shows, by the mid-eighteenth century John Locke had replaced Grotius as the philosopher of the Whigs. Zuckert's analysis concludes with a penetrating examination of John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon, the English "Cato," who, he argues, brought together Lockean political philosophy and pre-existing Whig political science into a new and powerful synthesis. Although it has been misleadingly presented as a separate "classical republican" tradition in recent scholarly discussions, it is this "new republicanism" that served as the philosophical point of departure for the founders of the American republic.


Political Philosophy and the Challenge of Revealed Religion

Filename: political-philosophy-and-the-challenge-of-revealed-religion.pdf
ISBN: 9780226275857
Release Date: 2017-01-25
Number of pages: 224
Author: Heinrich Meier
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online Political Philosophy and the Challenge of Revealed Religion in PDF and EPUB The political theological problem --the question of whether philosophy or religion holds the ultimate authority over humanity s actions--looms large in several of Heinrich Meier s books. His latest work addresses this problem head-on. Revealed religion, in its claim to truth and demand for obedience, challenges philosophy both politically and theologically. It is, in fact, the most powerful objection that has been raised against philosophy. Meier argues that the proper task of political philosophy is to defend the philosophic way of life and the free and unrestricted questioning it requires. Placed at the work s center is a detailed investigation of Leo Strauss s most complex and controversial book, Thoughts on Machiavelli. Here, Strauss relates the problem of Socrates, arguably the starting point of ancient political philosophy, to the problem of Machiavelli, who for many marks the beginning of modern political philosophy. Between Socrates and Machiavelli stands the political and theological challenge of revealed religion. Meier controversially contends that Thoughts on Machiavelli revolves around this challenge. The book concludes with a new interpretation of Rousseau s Social Contract. Through a close reading of the argument and the structure of the text, Meier shows how Rousseau s most famous work can and should be understood as a coherent political philosophic response to theocracy in the various forms in which it has appeared. For Meier, no other book of a modern philosopher achieves the clarity with which Social Contract defines the nature and Limits of politics. Finally, this English edition of the book publishes, for the first time, Strauss s headings to each paragraph in Thoughts on Machiavelli. "


The American Founding and the Social Compact

Filename: the-american-founding-and-the-social-compact.pdf
ISBN: 0739106651
Release Date: 2003-01-01
Number of pages: 283
Author: Ronald J. Pestritto
Publisher: Lexington Books

Download and read online The American Founding and the Social Compact in PDF and EPUB This work emphasizes the coherence and intelligibility of the social compact theory which, in spite of the partisan politics of the founding period, was one of the founders' unifying philosophical positions. It presents a comprehensive overview of the social compact theory.